Fatal Four Hazard Prevention  |  Early Intervention Ergonomics

Fatal four hazard prevention focuses on raising awareness in the recognition, evaluation, and control of these hazards.

Focus Four Toolbox Talks (OSHA Campaign)

Safety is paramount in the construction industry, where workers face numerous risks on a daily basis. To combat the most common and preventable causes of construction fatalities, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) launched its annual Focus Four Campaign in 2022. This comprehensive initiative aims to raise awareness and implement proactive measures for Fatal Four Hazard Prevention in construction. In this article, we’ll delve into the Fatal Four, OSHA’s Focus Four Campaign, and the vital steps taken to protect construction workers.

1. Understanding the Fatal Four Hazards

The Fatal Four hazards are responsible for a significant number of construction worker fatalities each year. These hazards include falls, electrocutions, struck-by incidents, and caught-in/between accidents. According to OSHA, these four categories account for more than 60% of all construction worker deaths. The staggering toll underscores the critical importance of addressing these risks head-on.

2. The Focus Four Campaign

Launched annually by OSHA, the Focus Four Campaign is a year-long endeavor designed to reduce fatalities in the construction industry. The campaign focuses on raising awareness, providing resources, and enhancing compliance through targeted training and outreach efforts. By equipping employers and workers with the knowledge and tools they need, OSHA strives to prevent needless tragedies.

3. Fall Prevention – Protecting Workers at Heights

Falls remain the leading cause of construction fatalities, making fall prevention a core component of OSHA’s campaign. The agency stresses the implementation of proper fall protection systems, such as guardrails, safety nets, and personal fall arrest systems (PFAS). Regular safety inspections, employee training, and clear signage play pivotal roles in keeping workers safe while working at heights.

4. Electrocution Prevention – Staying Clear of Electrical Hazards

Electrocutions are the second leading cause of construction-related deaths. To combat this hazard, OSHA advocates for stringent electrical safety standards. This includes using Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs), proper lockout/tagout procedures, and regular equipment maintenance. Workers should also be trained to identify and avoid electrical hazards, promoting a culture of safety on construction sites.

5. Struck-By Incidents – Minimizing Contact with Objects

Struck-by incidents, such as being hit by falling debris or vehicles, account for a significant number of construction fatalities. OSHA encourages the use of proper protective equipment, such as hard hats and high-visibility clothing. Additionally, the implementation of traffic control measures, clear communication protocols, and diligent inspection of equipment can significantly reduce the risk of struck-by accidents.

6. Caught-In/Between Hazards – Ensuring Proper Safety Measures

Caught-in/between hazards occur when a worker is trapped between two objects or caught in machinery. To address this hazard, OSHA emphasizes the importance of machine guarding, trench safety, and proper use of heavy equipment. Employers should provide comprehensive training and strictly enforce safety guidelines to mitigate caught-in/between incidents.

7. Training and Education

OSHA’s Focus Four Campaign places a strong emphasis on education and training. By offering resources, webinars, and on-site consultation programs, OSHA helps employers and workers better understand the Fatal Four hazards and implement effective preventive measures. Properly trained workers are more likely to recognize potential dangers and respond appropriately, reducing the likelihood of accidents.

Things to Remember

The construction industry is vital to our society’s growth, but it comes with inherent risks that must be addressed. OSHA’s 2022 Focus Four Campaign has taken a proactive stance in preventing the Fatal Four hazards, significantly reducing construction-related fatalities. By focusing on fall prevention, electrocution protection, struck-by incident minimization, and caught-in/between hazard mitigation, OSHA’s campaign has fostered a culture of safety within the industry.

Construction employers and workers must remain committed to adhering to safety protocols, leveraging OSHA’s resources, and investing in comprehensive training. Together, we can continue to make the construction sites safer places, ensuring that every worker returns home safely at the end of each day. Let’s build not only our structures but also a safer future for all involved in the construction industry.

Fatal Four Hazard Prevention Tools & Resources:

https://www.cpwr.com/research/research-to-practice-r2p/r2p-library/toolbox-talks/ (English & Spanish)

https://www.agc.org/learn/education-training/lean-construction/lean-trades-toolbox-talk-series (varied topics)


Other attachments include

Struck By (changing bales): Fatal Facts (OSHA 3616 – 2012) (English: PDF)

Work Zone Traffic Safety Fact Sheet (2005) (English: PDF)

Work Zone Traffic Safety QuickCard™ (English: PDF) & (Spanish: PDF)

Download links for Focus Four Toolbox Talks:















More Tools & Resources from Peak Ergonomics
Contact Us About Reducing Workplace Injuries
Healthy Employees are the Bottom Line!